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Centre of Governance & Human Rights (CGHR)


4th March 2011

In the Wake of War - "Getting Out: Exit Strategies and Transitions"

Co-hosted by the Centre of Governance and Human Rights (POLIS), Post Conflict Post Crisis (PCPC Group) and CRASSH this workshop will consider the issue of ending or transforming international intervention in end-of-conflict situations.

‘Getting Out’ is the last workshop of the ‘In the Wake of War’ series run by the Cambridge PCPC Group with the support of CRASSH. This workshop will be run jointly with the Centre of Governance and Human Rights, and will consider the issue of ending or transforming international intervention in end-of-conflict situations, addressing key questions such as: When and how should the international community withdraw from a post-conflict situation? When does a situation stop being post-conflict? What exit strategies have been the most successful in different types of situation? How can the changeover between emergency interventions and long term development assistance be made?

Following the workshop, a short briefing paper will be drafted, outlining the discussions. It will include: the essential frames of reference, the key issues and questions, lessons learned, and any recommendations put forward.

The series began with a workshop dedicated to the issue of ‘Going in’ that explored the motivations and circumstances for international intervention in the termination of conflict and in post- conflict reconstruction processes. Three further workshops looked at various dimensions of these interventions and their impacts: Re-building Structures: State, Nation, Society (2 March 2010), Victims: Figures of Violence, Embodiments of Trauma (1 June 2010), Places: Land, Landscapes, and Memoryscapes (19 October 2010). As the final meeting in the series this workshop will consider the issue of ending or transforming international intervention. This workshop will be run jointly with CRIC research project and the Centre of Governance and Human Rights.


Prof. Richard Caplan (Director, Centre for International Studies, University of Oxford): Exit Strategies and State Building

Professor of International Relations and Official Fellow of Linacre College. He also serves as Director of the Centre for International Studies (CIS). His principal research interests are concerned with international organisations and conflict management. His current research is focused on post-conflict state-building. He is directing a research project on 'Exit Strategies and Peace Consolidation' that is examining the empirical experiences of, and scholarly and policy questions associated with, exit in relation to four types of international operations where state-building has been a major objective: colonial administrations, peacekeeping operations, military occupations and international administrations. (For details, see: CIS) In 2009, Professor Caplan was appointed a UK representative on a European research consortium that will examine new challenges to peacekeeping and the EU's role in multilateral crisis management. In 2009 he was also appointed a member of the World Economic Forum's Global Agenda Council on Fragile States.

Prof. Dan Saxon (Senior Prosecutor, ICTY and Visiting Professor Lauterpacht Centre): Legal Perspectives: Putting Justice where it Belongs

A long-time international prosecutor, Prof. Saxon is the Leverhulme Visiting Professor of Law at Cambridge University for the 2010-11 academic year. He teaches International Humanitarian Law and serves as a Fellow at Cambridge’s Wolfson College. Since 1998, Dan has been a prosecutor in the Office of the Prosecutor at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, headquartered at The Hague, Netherlands. He was a member of the trial team that prosecuted Slobodan Milosevic, President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, for genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes; the trial ended with Milosevic’s untimely death in 2006. A Senior Prosecutor since 2006, Dan has led the prosecutions of the former Minister of Interior of Macedonia and the former Chief of the General Staff of the Army of Yugoslavia. Dan is the author of To Save Her Life: Disappearance, Deliverance and the United States in Guatemala, published by the University of California Press in 2007, as well as several articles and book chapters addressing the prosecution of persons who violate international human rights law and international humanitarian law.

Andy Carl (Director, Conciliation Resources): In the Wake of Exits

Mr. Carl Co-founded CR in 1995 with David Lord and now heads the organization. He led the development of CR’s programme work in Fiji and Bougainville/PNG and in northern Uganda, Somaliland and Sri Lanka, and established CR’s Accord publication series. Before this he worked for International Alert (London) from 1989-94 as its original programme staff on peace initiatives in Southern Africa, Europe, Liberia, the Philippines, Colombia, Iraqi-Kurdistan and elsewhere. Before that, he was national coordinator of the Central America Human Rights Committee, UK (1986-89). He has degrees in literature from the University of California at Berkeley (BA) and Trinity College, Dublin (MPhil). Andy represents CR in various national and international policy forums on conflict transformation practice, acts as a resource person for CR’s programmes and develops new areas of work.

Justin Holt (Lieutenant Colonel, Royal Marines): What Happens when the Fighting Stops- A Military Perspective

Lieutenant Colonel Holt has served as a Royal Marine Commando for over 22 years, many of which have been on operations in Northern Ireland, in Iraq in 1991 and 2003 as well as in Afghanistan during the early stages of the conflict in 2001/2002 and then as a civilian Stabilisation Advisor in Musa Qal'eh, Helmand Province in 2008. His last appointment in the Royal Marines was as the UK Liaison Officer to the US State Department where had shared lead responsibility for the 'Interagency COIN Initiative' and taught Counter-Insurgency at the U.S. Foreign Services Institute."

Milos Stankovic (Braveheart Programme): When the Exit is not the End

(MBE) Co-founder and Chairman of The Braveheart Programme, a military charity that seeks to alleviate the psychological effects of war in veterans. Braveheart commissions academic research into Combat Related Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (CR-PTSD) in order to better inform those delivering healthcare solutions to sufferers. After a 20 year career in the British Army, Milos retrained in the UK and US as a therapist and performance coach and has experience of dealing with CR-PTSD sufferers. He is the co-founder and MD of Paveway, a company that specialises in survey systems that measure the psychological drivers of performance in organisations. He spent much of the 1992-1995 Bosnian war in the besieged city of Sarajevo, was embroiled in a ten year spy scandal and is the author of Trusted Mole. He holds a first degree in Russian (Manchester), a Diploma in Defence Technology (Cranfield) and certifications in therapeutic and business coaching systems.


Cambridge Post-Conflict & Post-Crisis Research Group

Societies emerging from a natural disaster, armed conflict or acute social and economic crisis share similar characteristics: insecurity, uncertainty, violence, increase in poverty, displacement of people, loss of life, organized crime, trauma, physical destruction. They also share needs: re-establishing rule of law, stabilizing the economy, rebuilding, conflict mitigation and prevention, integrate traumatic events, inscribing and negotiating memories, strengthening civil society, reconciliation, nation building and identity, etc.

Within the University of Cambridge, research is being done on these issues by a wide range of different researchers working in several different departments. These researchers have come together to form the Cambridge Post-Conflict and Post-Crisis (PCPC) Group. The Group was set up in February 2006, it is committed to establishing working relations and opening communication channels with civil society, policy makers and practitioners within governmental, non-governmental and international organizations. Since 2007 the activities of the Group have been financially supported by the Centre for Research in the Arts, Social Sciences, and Humanities. During the first period of funding (2007-2009) as a Graduate/Faculty Research Group it ran a series of seminars and a conference “The Culture of Reconstruction: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Aftermath of Crisis” (25-27 June 2008). The second period of funding as a Newton Group has made possible the workshop series now coming to an end “In the Wake of War.”

For more information on the Cambridge Post-Conflict and Post-Crisis Group, its past and up- coming activities please visit the website:PCPC Group or CRASSH